The Top Causes of Bleeding Gums Plus Prevention Tips

Your gums are an important part of your oral health, so it’s important to keep them healthy. Unfortunately, many people don’t realize that bleeding gums can be a sign of a serious problem.

In this article, we’ll discuss what you need to know about bleeding gums and your health. We’ll cover what can cause them, how to treat them, and when you should see a dentist or doctor.

What Are the 7 Top Causes of Bleeding Gums?

1. Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the most common cause of bleeding gums. It’s a form of gum disease that’s caused by plaque buildup on your teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on your teeth. If it’s not removed, it can harden into tartar.

Tartar is difficult to remove and can cause your gums to become inflamed. This can lead to gingivitis, which is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. Gingivitis is reversible with proper oral care. However, if it’s not treated, it can progress to periodontitis, which is a more serious form of gum disease.

2. Periodontitis

Periodontitis is a serious form of gum disease that’s characterized by inflammation of the gums and the loss of bone around the teeth. It can be caused by several things, including plaque buildup, smoking, certain medications, and genetics.

If you have periodontitis, your gums will bleed easily, and you may notice that your teeth are shifting or becoming loose. Periodontitis can’t be reversed, but it can be controlled with proper oral care and treatment.

3. Brushing Too Hard

If you brush your teeth too hard, you can damage your gums. This can cause them to become inflamed and bleed easily.

4. Flossing Incorrectly

If you don’t floss correctly, you can damage your gums. When you floss, you should use a gentle back-and-forth motion. You should never force the floss between your teeth.

5. Eating Certain Foods 

Certain foods can cause your gums to bleed. These include hot foods, acidic foods, and hard foods.

6. Vitamin Deficiencies 

If you don’t get enough vitamins and minerals, it can affect the health of your gums. Vitamin C and vitamin K are particularly important for gum health.

7. Medications 

Certain medications can cause your gums to bleed. These include blood thinners, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and chemotherapy drugs.

How to Prevent Gum Bleeding

1. Quit Smoking

Smoking is one of the leading causes of gum disease. If you smoke, quitting is the best thing you can do for your gum health.

2. Practice Good Oral Hygiene

Brushing twice a day and flossing daily are essential for preventing gum disease. Be sure to use a soft-bristled toothbrush and gentle flossing technique to avoid irritating your gums.

3. Eat a Healthy Diet

Eating a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and lean protein can help keep your gums healthy. Avoid sugary and acidic foods that can damage your teeth and gums.

4. See Your Dentist Regularly

Seeing your dentist for regular cleanings and checkups is essential for preventing gum disease. Your dentist can spot early signs of gum disease and provide treatment to prevent it from progressing.

5. Manage Your Stress

Stress can worsen gum disease. If you’re struggling with stress, find healthy ways to manage it, such as exercise, meditation, and spending time with loved ones.


It’s important to be aware of the link between bleeding gums and your overall health. While bleeding gums can be caused by several factors, including brushing too hard or gingivitis, they can also be a sign of more serious conditions like periodontitis. If you’re experiencing bleeding gums, be sure to see a dentist or doctor to rule out any underlying health issues.

Are you looking for dental exams in Framingham? We can help! Comfort Dental Framingham offers preventive dental care, including dental exams and cleanings. In addition, we offer cosmetic dental treatments such as teeth whitening, dental implants, crowns, and Invisalign clear aligners. Contact our team to learn more about maintaining a healthy smile. Call 508-276-6640 or book an appointment online.